The immigration courts of the United States are a branch of the United States Department of Justice known as the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR). They are administrative tribunals devoted to hearing immigration matters, mainly deportations. The United States maintains fifty-nine immigration courts spread over twenty-seven states of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Northern Mariana Islands, staffed by a total of 263 sitting judges. I believe that our immigration court system should become Article I Courts like the U.S. Bankruptcy Court and the U.S. Tax Court. This would make the immigration courts independent of the Department of Justice and immune from possible political pressure from the Attorney General.